Five Years Since Kian delos Santos' Brutal Shooting and This Is Where We Are

On the cusp of his fifth death anniversary, Kian Loyd delos Santos' remains are exhumed from the La Loma Cemetery in Manila. With it, new truths hope to be uncovered about the infamous case, the War on Drugs, and the country's justice system.

Kian delos Santos was shot in a dark alley in Caloocan by police offers during an anti-drug operation back in 2017, causing a national uproar. It would soon become one of the most infamous cases of extrajudicial killings during the height of the previous administration's War on Drugs.

"Tama na po! May exam pa ako bukas!"

The 17-year-old, unfortunately, became the face of the controversial campaign.

Fast forward to today, Monday, August 15, 2022, his body was exhumed as part of a new program that hopes to shed new light on the victims. Five years later, sympathizers, human rights advocates, and family members are still left looking for answers.

What's happened since?

Photo by DZBB.

Suffice to say, a lot.

On August 16, 2017, delos Santos passed away from three gunshot wounds while he was kneeling. Police reports came out and said that those who were involved were only forced to retaliate during the supposed sting operation.

The teenager was accused of being a "drug runner." The officials of Barangay 160 in Caloocan would later confirm that he wasn't on their drugs watch list.


In light of the public scrutiny, Malacañang claimed that the case of Delos Santos was “isolated" and that formal investigations into the matter would follow. “What we can say with confidence is that those who are guilty of breaking the law, misuse or abuse will have to answer for that,” then-Presidential Spokesman Ernesto Abella said.

Eventually, Department of Justice (DOJ) ordered the National Bureau of Investigation to look into the police raid. The Senate majority bloc, on the other hand adopted a resolution calling for a probe into the Drug War killings. Meanwhile, the Philippine National Police had also ordered a probe of the case. The Commission on Human Rights had launched its own independent investigation, as well.

Rights groups, at the time, asserted that the nanlaban narrative was being used during the incident, which was tossed around whenever Drug War operations had questionable casualties.

In 2018, the DOJ indicted Police Officer 3 Arnel Oares, Police Officer 1 Jerwin Cruz, Police Officer 1 Jeremias Pereda, as well as a civilian named Renato Perez Loveras for murder and the trial ensued. The Caloocan City Regional Trial Court Branch 125 then orders their arrest.

Later on, in November, they were sentenced to reclusion perpetua without eligibility for parole for the killing of delos Santos. The officers, however, were found not guilty of planting drugs or firearms. 

In the 35-page decision, Judge Rodolfo Azucena Jr. wrote:

"The court commiserates with our policemen who regularly thrust their lives in zones of danger in order to maintain peace and order and acknowledges the apprehension faced by their families whenever they go on duty… But the use of unnecessary force or wanton violence is not justified when the fulfilment of their duty as law enforcers can be effected otherwise. A shoot first, think later attitude can never be countenanced in a civilized society.”

These were the first convictions after the anti-drug campaign began. Delos Santos' body was laid to rest at La Loma Cemetery in Manila.

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What happens next?


AJ Kalinga Foundation's Program Paghilom was created to assist the casualties of EJK victims, from widows and orphans to their family members and friends. It started Project Arise last April, where families have their relatives' bodies exhumed from their graves to be cremated. With the grave's lease lapsing, delos Santos’ corpse is the 61st under the project.

"We hope to uncover a deeper truth. We hope to uncover what took place and as we have revealed in the past, pahintulutan nating magsalita ang mga kalansay na nanahimik ng ilang taon," Fr. Flavie Villanueva, who led the exhumation, told reporters. "Alam nating na-autopsy pero I think 'yung autopsy ay ginawa lang sa bahay. Ngayon ay mas masusi nating titingnan kung ano at paano sa larangan ng siyensa nakikita ang pagpaslang sa kanya."


Delos Santos' remains will be examined by forensic pathologist Dr. Raquel Fortun before its cremation. She's worked with Villanueva on exhuming victims' bodies, specifically those who died from July 8, 2021 to February 28, 2022. Before this, she autopsied drug war casualties from June 15, 2016 to August 13, 2017.

His family takes solace in the fact that the notorious case, at the very least, made the nation aware that EJKs were an epidemic.

“Siguro siya ‘yong naging mukha, ‘no? Alam naman nating lahat na siya ‘yong naging mukha at siya ‘yong sumampal sa mukha nating lahat. At nagpatanggap na sobra na ‘yong patayan eh. Libo-libo na ‘yong mga namamatay. Siguro, sa pamamagitan ng kanyang kuwento, tinanggap ng lahat na merong extrajudicial killings,” delos Santos' uncle Randy told reporters during the ceremony.

“Bakit si Kian lang? Anim na taon na. Kung nagtatrabaho at talagang hinahanap ang hustisya, sana nadagdagan na.”

As of April 2022, 6,248 people allegedly involved in the illegal drug trade have been killed, according to official numbers from the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency. Human rights advocates, however, have claimed that the exact figures could range anywhere between 12,000 and 30,000.

Victims have also looked to the International Criminal Court (ICC) for support. The Philippines' withdrew its membership in the ICC in 2018. Both the former administration and the current one, however, have expressed an unwillingness to cooperate with the tribunal. ICC Prosecutor Karim Ahmed Khan had asked the agency's pre-trial chamber to reopen the probe, but the Philippines isn't keen on rejoining the ICC anytime soon.

While the conviction did give the delos Santos family some justice, it also showed how elusive accountability can be. Impunity persists. High-profile cases like these are an outlier, as Randy pointed out.


“Nagkaroon na ba ng sumunod na kaso na gaya ng kay Kian na nabigyan ng pansin? Sa tingin mo ba, kung walang celebrity at malalaking tao na bumisita, mapapansin ba ang kaso ni Kian?" Randy told the Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism back in September 2021.

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