Malacañang Vows Aid for Workers As Numbers of Displaced Now at Two Million
On April 27, Malacañang promised to look for more funds to finance cash subsidies for workers displaced by the enforced quarantine against the coronavirus pandemic. In a virtual press briefing, Presidential Spokesman Harry Roque admitted that the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) ran short of funds for its cash aid programs.
Under DOLE’s COVID-19 Adjustment Measures Program (CAMP), formal workers will receive a one-time P5,000 cash aid from government. But on April 15, DOLE stopped accepting applications for CAMP after being overwhelmed by the volume of requests for aid.
The other DOLE effort is Tulong Panghanapbuhay sa Ating Displaced/Disadvantaged Workers Program (TUPAD) for workers in the informal sector. TUPAD is an emergency employment program where beneficiaries are required to work for 10 days. Workers will be paid based on the daily minimum wage rate in their region.
But like CAMP, the TUPAD program is now closed and will simply complete the ongoing employment until April 30, according to DOLE.
Small Business Wage Subsidy Program
Roque assured the public that the government will provide other financial assistance programs for workers affected by the pandemic. He announced that the government recently launched the P51-billion Small Business Wage Subsidy (SBWS) program.
The program will provide P5,000-P8,000 monthly cash aid, for two months, for 3.4 million workers in SMEs (small and medium enterprises). The amount will be based on the regional minimum wage rate.
“Totoo po na naubos iyong pondo ng DOLE, pero ang pampalit natin diyan, iyong tulong sa SME, iyong 51 billion,” Roque said. “Kaya nga po iyong nakakuha sa DOLE, isang buwan na lang ang makukuha nila dito sa tulong sa SMEs na P8,000.”
Employees of small businesses who want to receive the SBWS will have until May 8, 2020 to apply, according to Department of Finance (DOF). The employers, on behalf of their workers, will have to submit the application to the Social Security System (SSS).
Businesses that are compliant with the regulations of the SSS and the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) will be prioritized. The cash subsidy will be distributed by the SSS through the employees’ SSS Unified Multi-Purpose ID (UMID) cards enrolled as ATM. The payout for the first tranche will be on May 1-15, while the second payout will be on May 16-31.
Breakdown of Cash Aid Budget Releases
As of April 25, Roque noted that DOLE has released P1.7 billion for the one-time financial aid for 345,865 CAMP beneficiaries. Around 259,449 benefited from the emergency employment of TUPAD, amounting to P1.14 billion.
The DOLE, according to Roque, is currently implementing the P1.5 billion cash assistance program for 150,000 displaced overseas Filipino workers. Under the program, each OFW will receive a one-time $200 or P10,000 cash aid. “Kung kulang pa iyan, hahanap tayo ng pondo para bigyan ng ayuda ang lahat ng OFW,” Roque added.
Displaced Local Workers Ballooned to Two Million
On Sunday, April 26, DOLE reported that more than two million local workers have been affected by the pandemic. Nearly 1.4 million workers have been displaced by the temporary closures. More than 687,000 have reduced income.
Meanwhile, more than 230,000 OFWs affected by the pandemic have also asked for government assistance.
P352 Billion Out of P397 Billion COVID-19 Budget Released
In the same press briefing, Roque confirmed Finance Secretary Sonny Dominguez’s statement on April 24 that, of the P397 billion COVID-19 relief budget, P352 billion has already been dispersed. Roque said the biggest chunk, amounting to P250 billion, was released for the Department of Social Welfare and Development’s Social Amelioration Program (SAP).
According to Roque, the amount was downloaded to local government agencies (LGUs) for distribution. SAP beneficiaries will each receive P5,000-P8,000 monthly, in April and in May. With this, the total cash subsidies distributed to the public through SAP and DOLE are now at P305.3 billion.
Roque noted that a separate amount of P46.66 billion was spent in other COVID-19 response initiatives, such as the purchase of medical equipment and supplies for the Department of Health (DOH). It also funded cash subsidies for poor rice farmers, with the help of the Department of Agriculture (DA).
Duterte to Realign More Funds for COVID-19 Fight
Although that would leave the government with just a P45 billion budget for pandemic response, Roque assured the public that the administration still has enough funds to last until May 15.
On April 24, President Rodrigo Duterte extended to May 15 the enforced community quarantine in Metro Manila, Central Luzon, Calabarzon, and 10 “high-risk” areas.
“Sa ngayon po kaya pa naman po natin itong extension na two weeks,” Roque said. “Kasi iyong budget naman na ibinigay sa atin ng Kongreso ay para sa dalawang buwan. Pero, uulitin ko po, meron naman pong pera. Kaya lang, subject nga to realignment. Malalaman natin by April 30 kung ano iyong budget ng iba’t ibang agencies that can be realigned. Kung kulang pa rin po iyan, ‘tsaka tayo hihingi ng supplemental [budget]. The government, however, needs authority from Congress to use more funds for COVID-19.”
Republic Act No. 11469 or the Bayanihan to Heal as One Act gave President Duterte the power to realign the 2020 national budget to fund programs that will help cushion the economic setbacks brought about by the pandemic.
This story originally appeared on Pep.ph. Minor edits have been made by the Esquiremag.ph editors.