Lifestyle

5 National Artists Who Were Architects, and the Buildings They Designed

Get to know them, because architects are heroes, too
IMAGE Wikimedia Commons - Leandro Locsin / Giovanni G. Navata (Cultural Center of the Philippines)
Comments

When one mentions the title, "National Artist," it's usually visual artists and writers such as Fernando Amorsolo, Ang Kiukok, and Virgilio Almario who come to mind. But the Order of National Artists covers many categories, from music and dance to film and broadcasting arts, and of course, architecture, design, and its allied arts. 

Those who have been inducted into the order and bestowed this highest state honor have made great contributions, not only to their own field, but to succeeding generations of Filipinos. Here are five architects who are National Artists:

Juan Nakpil

IMAGE: By Mistersandiman (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
ADVERTISEMENT - CONTINUE READING BELOW

Nakpil is also famously known as the son of two Katipuneros, Julio Nakpil and Gregoria de Jesus (Andres Bonifacio's widow). He started out as a civil engineer, but went on to design important Filipino buildings such as the University of the Philippines-Diliman Administration and Library Buildings, the art deco Quezon Institute and Capitol Theater (now being threatened by demolition), and the defunct Rizal Theater. Nakpil founded the Philippine Architects' Society in 1933, now known as the Philippine Institute of Architects (PIA). 

Pablo Antonio


ADVERTISEMENT - CONTINUE READING BELOW

The Binondo-born Antonio was mentored by Tomas Mapua, but then had to drop out of school. He was then sent to the University of London by his patron Don Ramon Arevalo, and it was here that he earned his architecture degree. He was celebrated for his art deco style, which was a departure from the neoclassicism that reigned back then. Some of his works include the Far Eastern University main building, the White Cross Children's Home, the Manila Polo Club, and the Ideal, Lyric, and Galaxy Theaters.

Leandro Locsin


ADVERTISEMENT - CONTINUE READING BELOW

Locsin is known for his mastery of scale and volume, and created many stunning, midcentury modern masterpieces in his time, including the iconic Cultural Center of the Philipines (CCP), the Philippine International Convention Center (PICC), The Westin Hotel (Sofitel Philippine Plaza), the Folk Arts Theater, Tanghalang Maria Makiling, and the original Ayala Museum.

Ildefonso P. Santos, Jr.


ADVERTISEMENT - CONTINUE READING BELOW

Ildefonso "IP" Santos pioneered the practice of Landscape Architecture in the Philippines, a practice that was often overlooked in the design industry until fairly recently. Aside from his longtime teaching practice, the "Father of Philippine Landscape Architecture" worked on landscaping for the Manila Hotel, the Cultural Center of the Philippines, Paco Park, Rizal Park, and Tagaytay Highlands, among many others. 

Jose Maria Zaragoza

ADVERTISEMENT - CONTINUE READING BELOW

The latest recipient of the National Artist honor (2014) studied Liturgical Art (IILA) in Rome in the 1950s, which in turn made Zaragoza the perfect architect for many popular Philippine churches and religious institutions, such as the Santo Domingo Church, the Pink Sisters and San Beda Convents, Don Bosco Church, our Lady of Rosary in Tala, and many others. He also designed the iconic Meralco Building along Merlaco Avenue. 

SOURCE: United Architects of the Philippines official website

This story originally appeared on Realliving.com.phMinor edits have been made by the Esquiremag.ph editors.

Comments
View More Articles About:
Recommended Videos
About The Author
Real Living Team for RealLiving.com.ph
View Other Articles From Real Living Team for RealLiving.com.ph
Comments
Latest Feed
 
Share
 
Share
It's a little known fact that Adidas and Puma were created by two brothers.
 
Share
When he returned to his hometown, he was met with a standing ovation.
 
Share
 
Share
San Miguel Corporation president Ramon Ang remembers his roots and gives back to his hometown.
 
Share
Marty McFly, Cliff Booth, and 12 other ways to embrace the holiday.
 
Share
One of horology’s most romantic complications, moon phase watches are an opportunity for watchmakers to show off their technical finesse and know-how.
Load More Articles
Connect With Us